<![CDATA[Are you looking for a product or service that can help to make life easier for you or a family member or friend? Not sure where to look? Well, we have a nifty piece of info to share with you this week. Enjoy! The Sterling Creations team +++++++++++++++ Using YouTube With A Screen Reader - YouTube Help Article source; http://t.co/BOkoQ20Z Introduction: The following information will be helpful for people using screen readers as it explains the steps for using YouTube with screen readers. A screen reader is a software application that identifies and interprets what is being displayed on the computer screen. This information is then presented to a blind user as speech. Visually impaired or blind people use screen readers. This article provides the step-by-step process for using YouTube, making it easier for a new user to explore YouTube. Please note: The experience of using YouTube may not be the same with all screen readers due to inconsistency of support of technology by the various screen readers. Read on to learn more about using YouTube with a screen-reader and discover which keyboard shortcuts are available for the site. Creating a YouTube account A Google account is needed to sign in to YouTube (ex. Gmail or Calendar etc.). If you do not have a Google account, then you can go ahead and create one using the following steps: Go to www.youtube.com Click the "create account" link (located at the top of the page after the search button). Complete the requested steps. Once you've signed up you'll have an account and can get started. Having an account allows you to sign into YouTube and take advantage of YouTube's community features. You can upload videos, comment on videos, save videos to playlists etc.. These are just a few of the benefits of signing up for a YouTube account. You do not need to sign in to use some basic features of YouTube. Such as, searching for videos, viewing videos etc.. Searching YouTube and Search Results Searching for YouTube videos Navigate to www.youtube.com Navigate to the search edit box at the top of the page. Please note: Though the search edit box does not have a label, it is located at the top of the page, has a search button after it, and is the only edit box on this page. Type a search term and press enter. Search results The search results page has a "did you mean" section which suggests proper words if you misspelled the word(s). Prior to the search results, various sorting options are provided to help you sort through the results. Each of the search results has the following information: A title of the video along with the duration of the video which is a link and a graphic. Hence, navigating using graphics would help navigating to and through the results quicker. Clicking on this will play the video. A "+" sign which is link. Clicking on this will play the video as well. The text "added to queue". The title of the video which is also a link. Clicking on it will play the video as well. A snippet of the video. Name of the individual who posted the video. How many years ago the video was uploaded and the number of views it has had so far. Sometimes you will find a heading level 2, "Related searches" with heading level 3s below it. These are other search categories related to the search term(s) you typed. Clicking any of these search categories will take you to another page which has video results for that category. The YouTube Flash Player Once you click one of the search results, the flash player will load and the video will start playing automatically. Here are the components and layout of the flash player: Section headers: H1 for the title of the video H4 for "highest rated comments", "all comments", and "suggestions". The flash player has the following components: Subtitles: If a video has subtitles then the subtitles are placed at the top of the video. The subtitles section begins with the text "subtitles start" followed by two lines of subtitles and end with the text "subtitles end". If the subtitles are on, the screen reader should say "Subtitles Loaded". If the subtitles are off, press the "Subtitles Unloaded" button, the button should change to "Subtitles Loading". Then after two seconds or so it should speak "Subtitles Loaded". From that point on the subtitles will appear at the beginning of the Flash player. Play/pause button: The button text toggles based on the current status of the video. Seek slider: The seek slider is used to fast forward or rewind the video and to increase or decrease the volume. To use the seek slider, first turn off virtual cursor then tab to the slider. Use left/right arrow keys to fast forward/rewind the video and use the up/down arrow keys to increase/decrease volume. Mute/unmute: This button toggles depending on whether the video is muted or not muted. 360p button: This button changes the quality of the video in terms of pixels. Here are the available resolutions: 1080p, 720p, 480p, 360p (default), 240p, 240p Light Pop-out button: The pop-out button creates a new browser window and places only the player with the video that is currently playing. It leaves out all the content that is outside the actual player. This allows users to resize the player any way they like. The button is also useful for blind users who might want to get rid of all the extra elements in the HTML page around the player and be left just with the player on its own. Its important to note, that if you have pop-up blocker enabled, then you'll need to disable the pop-up blocker in order to open this new window. Expand/Shrink button: The label of the button toggles depending on the current selection. Clicking the expand/shrink button makes the video player larger and smaller. This button also increases the video quality when you expand the player, and uses a lower quality when you shrink it if the video has multiple qualities. Time elapsed/total duration: This section shows the total time elapsed over the total duration of the video. It shows you how much of the video has played already and how much there's still left to play. Note: To replay the video, click on the "play" button after the video stops playing. Keyboard shortcut Function O To jump to the beginning of the flash player Spacebar Play/Pause when the seek bar is selected. Activate a button if a button has focus Play/Pause Media Key on keyboards Play / Pause Stop Media Key on keyboards Stop Next Track Media Key on keyboards Moves to the next track in a play/list Left/Right arrow on the seek bar Seek backward/forward 5 seconds Ctrl+left/ctrl+right arrow on the seek bar Seek backward/forward 10 seconds Home/End on the seek bar Seek to the beginning/last seconds of the video Up/Down arrow on the seek bar Increase/Decrease volume 5 percent Numbers 1 to 9 (not on the numeric pad) on the seek bar Seek to the 10 percent to 90 percent of the video Number 0 (not on the numeric pad) on the seek bar Seek to the beginning of the video If you have any questions about the tips posted in Dan's Tech tips, please contact Dan at the following email address: firstname.lastname@example.org _________________________ W]]>
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- Artificial or attitude? I am still trying to figure this one out and I have to admit that I may never be able to do so. This so-called artificial/attitude barrier has been around much longer than I and this is what it is. Too often, whenever someone with a disability is accompanied by either a friend or family member, they are asked if the accompanying person is a care giver. Recently, I was asked this same question when my friend accompanied me to a lab to have some tests done. The lab technician could not seem to stop herself in asking this question and she was very surprised when both my friend and I said in unison that we were friends. Why should she have been surprised? Was it that she along with so many others around us really do not expect us to have friends who accompany us to appointments? Or is it that they think we need care givers to escort us? Or is it simply that they just do not know what to ask? I do my best to be patient but sometimes I become frustrated and simply tell them that I do not need a care giver. Or I may just turn the question back to them and ask why do they think that my escort is my care giver? 99% of the time there is no response. One of my favourite memories is the day when my mom accompanied me to a pre op appointment and the medical assistant asked if mom was my nurse! On this occasion I could not help but burst into peals of laughter. My mom was speechless! After taking a-hold of myself I gently told the medical assistant that she was my mom; not my nurse. And very recently my friend and I accompanied my mom to the dentist and lo and behold! They thought my friend was a care giver and asked me for her phone number. When I told the staff that she was not our care giver but our friend they were shocked but at least had the manners to apologize. Just my two cents for today. Image: Five blue accessibility logos, hearing impaired, sign language, wheelchair, restroom with wheelchair and guide dog. To learn more about me as a sight loss coach visit www.donnajodhan.com
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